Reported Speech


Para cambiar una oración de Direct Speech a Reported Speech, tendremos que tener en cuenta

  1. Verbos para reportar
  2. Tiempos Verbales
  3. Verbos Modales
  4. Pronombres Personales
  5. Referencias al Tiempo y al Lugar

Algunos Verbos Para Reportar

tell (tél) decir, contar
say (séi) decir
ask (ásk) preguntar, pedir
admit (admít) admitir
"OK, OK. Yeah. I broke that window"
He admitted that he had broken the window
agree (agríi) estar de acuerdo
"Yeah, of course. I will give you the money"
He agreed to loan me some money
answer (ánser) responder
"Oh, not now. I am too busy at this moment"
She answered that she was too busy at that moment
invite (inváit) invitar
"Hey guys!. Don't you want to go to the beach with me?"
He invited us to go to beach with him
complain (compléin) quejarse
"Oh, no. I have this terrible toothache again!"
He complained of a toothache
offer (ófer) ofrecer
"I could help you with that math problem if you want"
She offered to help me with the math problem
suggest (soyést) sugerir
"It's a nice day. We could go to the country and have a picnic"
Bill suggested that we have a picnic
demand (dimánd) exigir
"I want to see the manager of this company inmediately!"
The man demanded to see the manager of the company
request (rikuést) solicitar
"Excuse me, Madam. Could I use your telephone for a minute?"
He requested permission to use the woman's telephone
remind (rimáind) hacer acordar
"Hey Bill. Don't forget to mail this letter today!"
Jack reminded Bill that he had to mail a letter that day
describe (discráib) describir
"The house is white. It has three bedrooms and a beautiful garden"
He described his house
confess (confés) confesar
"I must tell you something Jane... I love you with all my heart"
He confessed that he loved her
blame (bléim) culpar
"It was your fault that I couldn't arrive on time"
The girl blamed the boy for her arriving late
propose (propóus) proponer
"Sir, I think we should have a meeting this afternoon"
He proposed to have a meeting for that afternoon
refuse (rifiús) rehusarse
"I won't do this job any longer"
He refused to continue working
congratulate (congrátchiuléit) felicitar
"Congratulations Jack. Your performance was excellent!"
He congratulated Jack on giving a good performance at the theater
greet (gríit) saludar
"Hi everybody"
Bill greeted everybody as he entered the room
introduce (introdiús) presentar
"This is my mother. Her name is Nancy"
He introduced me to his mother
warn (uórn) advertir
"Don't drink so much or you'll get drunk"
Bill warned Jack not to drink too much
insist (insíst) insistir
"You must take me there!. Come on. I really want to go there!"
She insisted that she wanted to go
insult (insólt) insultar
"You... damned fat cow!. You ate all my cookies!"
She insulted her friend calling her a 'fat cow'
apologize (apóloyáis) pedir disculpas
"I am very sorry for having insulted you in that way"
She apologized to her friend for having insulted her
thank (záenk) agradecer
"Thank you so much for your help, Mary"
Jack thanked Mary for her help
protest (protést) protestar
"Come on. It was not my fault. You are accusing the wrong person!"
The girl protested against the unfair accusation
threaten (zréten) amenazar
"If you don't give me the money, I will kill you"
The robber threatened to kill the man
advise (adváis) aconsejar
"If you don't want to have problems with your health, you should stop smoking"
His doctor advised him to stop smoking
inquire (inkuáir) preguntar
"Could you tell me where the main library is?"
She inquired the way to get to the library
praise (préis) elogiar
"I really think that the work you are doing is excellent"
Bill's boss praised him for the work he was doing
deny (dinái) negar
"I don't know what you think, but I didn't break that window"
Billy denied that he had broken the window
assure (ashúur) asegurar
"Don't worry. I will finish my work on time"
He assured me that he would finish his work on time
persuade (persuéid) persuadir
"Come on. You'll have a great time a the party. Let's go!"
Jack persuaded Bill to go to the party
convince (convíns) convencer
"Instead of going to France we should go to Brazil on vacation. It's cheaper, nearer and warmer"
She convinced her husband to go to Brazil instead of France
beg (beg) rogar, suplicar
"Oh please, Mom, please, let me go. I promise I'll be back before midnight!"
She begged her mother to let her go the party
dissuade (disuéid) disuadir
"I don't think it is a good idea to fly now. The conditions are dangerous"
The man dissuaded him from flying under those weather conditions
confide (confáid) confiar
"I am terribly afraid of storms"
He confided his fear about storms to his companion
recommend (rékoménd) recomendar
"I think you should take these shoes. They are very nice and have a good quality"
The salesgirl recommended that I buy those shoes
scold (skóuld) regañar
"Look what you have done!. You broke the vase!. You must be more careful with things in the house"
Jack's mother scolded him for breaking the vase
order (órder) ordenar
The sergeant ordered the soldiers to fire at the enemy
accuse (akiús) acusar
"I saw you when you stole my money!"
The man accused his colleague of stealing his money
explain (expléin) explicar
"I couldn't call you because there was no phone nearby"
He explained why he couldn't call me
mention (ménshon) mencionar
"By the way, I am a bit tired after this trip"
Bill mentioned that he was tired after the trip
compliment (cómplemént) felicitar, piropear, hacer un cumplido
"Jane.What elegant you are tonight !"
The man complimented Jane on being so elegant that night
encourage (enkáridch) alentar
"Come on. Don't quit now!. You are about to win the game"
Bill's father encouraged him to continue with the game
discourage (diskáridch) desalentar
"It is cold and it is raining. I think you shouldn't go out tonight"
Mary's mother discouraged her from going out that night
console (consóul) consolar
"Don't feel so bad. It is not so terrible to fail an exam. You'll pass it next time!"
Bill's companion tried to console him for having failed at the exam

Tiempos Verbales

Direct Speech Reported Speech
Simple Present Simple Past
"I work in Argentina" He said that he worked in Argentina
"I am a teacher" He said that he was a teacher
Simple Past Simple Past Perfect
"We saw a good film on TV" They said that they had seen a good film on TV
"I was tired" He said that he had been tired
Simple Perfect Simple Past Perfect
"We have gone to that place before" They said that they had gone to that place before
"I have been here many times" She said that she had been there many times
Simple Future Simple Conditional
"I will visit my mother" He said that he would visit his mother
"She will be happy to see me" He said that she would be happy to see him
Simple Future perfect Simple Conditional Perfect
"I will have arrived there by 5 pm" He said he would have arrived here by 5 pm
"I will have sent all the products by tomorrow" He said that he would have sent all the products by tomorrow
Present Continuous Past Continuous
"I am doing my job" He said that he was doing his job
"We are living in New York" They said that they were living in New York
Past Continuous Past Perfect Continuous
"I was dancing with Mary" He said that he had been dancing with Mary
"We were talking" They said that they had been talking
Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous
"I have been doing this for two years" He said that he had been doing that for two years
"We have been trying to phone him" They said that they had been trying to phone him
Future Continuous Conditional Continuous
"I will be flying to Chicago" He said that he would be flying to Chicago
"I will be staying at a good hotel" He said that he would be staying at a good hotel"
Future Perfect Continuous Conditional Perfect Continuous
"I will have been selling books for two years" He said that he would have been selling books for two years
"I will have been having a good life" He said that he would have been having a good life

Verbos Modales

Direct Speech Reported Speech
can could
"I can stay here until Sunday" He said he could stay there until Sunday
"I can do this alone" He said that he could do that alone
may might
"I may go fishing next weekend" He said he might go fishing next weekend
"We may travel to Europe" They said that they might travel to Europe
will would
"I will stay here" He said that he would stay there
"I will not go away" He said that he wouldn't go away
must had to
"I must work everyday" He said he had to work everyday
"I must not arrive late" He said he didn't have to arrive late

Tiempo y Lugar

Direct Speech Reported Speech
now then, at that moment
today that day
tonight that night
last night the previous night, the night before
this morning that morning
tomorrow the next day, the following day
yesterday the previous day, the day before
this week that week
next week the following week, the week after
last year the previous year, the year before
next year the following year, the year after
here there


©1999 Adolfo E. Bieri
Todos los Derechos Reservados